National Parks (including the Broads) are areas of countryside that also include villages and towns. They have their own National Park Authorities and have two statutory purposes:
- to conserve and enhance the natural beauty, wildlife and heritage and
- to promote opportunities for the understanding and enjoyment of the special qualities of National Parks by the public.
And one duty: to seek to foster the economic and social wellbeing of local communities.
A National Park Authority is the planning authority for the National Park and it controls the development of land and buildings within its area. To do this effectively, it has to balance the duty to seek to foster the economic and social wellbeing of local communities with its statutory purposes.