As well as National Parks and AONBs, there are different kinds of protected areas across England, including Sites of Special Scientific Interest, Special Areas of Conservation, Special Protection Areas and Ramsar wetland sites.
There can be restrictions both on new buildings or changes of use and on activities that might harm the wildlife or geological interest of these sites. Restrictions can apply both to works within the areas themselves and to activities nearby that might affect them, for example by affecting drainage or increasing visitor numbers.
Contact your LPA to find out what restrictions apply for development in these areas. You might need to do certain things if you are proposing a development that may affect a protected area, such as:
- seek permission from Natural England as well as obtaining planning permission, if required
- carry out an ecological survey, for example of local wildlife, to find out if there are any protected species that might be affected when carrying out development, even if it does not require planning permission
- carry out an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)